POEA and the Overseas Filipinos
Time and again, we have written about the importance of a recruitment agency to be licensed by the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA). But did you know what POEA really is? In this blog post, let us get to know more about the agency that takes care of our modern day heroes, the Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs).
History of the POEA
The creation of the POEA can be traced back to Executive Order No. 797 signed by President Ferdinand Marcos on May 1, 1982, which coincided with the country’s Labor Day celebration. EO 797 was titled, “Reorganizing the Ministry of Labor and Employment, Creating the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration, and for Other Purposes”.
According to Section 4, the POEA shall assume the functions of the Overseas Employment Development Board, the National Seamen Board, and the overseas employment functions of the Bureau of Employment Services. Likewise, it is mandated to promote and develop the overseas employment program and to protect the rights of Filipino migrant workers.
Five years later, President Corazon Aquino signed the EO 247, otherwise known as the “Reorganization Act of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration”, for the purpose of making the delivery of public services more efficient.
Then in 1995, President Fidel Ramos signed into law the Republic Act No. 8042 to institute the policies of overseas employment and establish a higher standard of protection and promotion of the welfare of Filipino migrant workers. This Act also paved the way for the celebration of the “National Migrant Workers Day“.
12 years after, RA 8042 was amended into RA 9422 under the administration of President Gloria Arroyo to strengthen the regulatory functions of the POEA. According to the Act, the POEA shall inform migrant workers not only of their rights as workers but also of their rights as human beings.
Finally in 2010, President Benigno Aquino signed into law the RA 10022, which is officially titled, “Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995, As Amended, Further Improving the Standard of Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of Migrant Workers, Their Families and Overseas Filipinos in Distress, and For Other Purposes.”
Core Functions of the POEA
Now that we have finally got the gist on how the POEA was created and had evolved through the years, let us take a look at its core functions. Basically, the POEA is responsible for industry regulation, employment facilitation, and workers’ protection and is tasked to perform the following:
- Issue license to engage in overseas recruitment and manning to private recruitment agencies and ship manning companies
- Hear and arbitrate complaints and cases filed against recruitment and manning agencies, foreign principals and employers, and overseas workers for reported violation of POEA rules and regulations, except for money claims
- Implement a system of incentives and penalty for private sector participants
- Set minimum labor standards
- Monitor overseas job advertisements on print, broadcast and television
- Supervise the government’s program on anti-illegal recruitment
- Impose disciplinary actions on erring employers and workers and seafarers
- Accredit/register foreign principals and employers hiring Filipino workers
- Approve manpower requests of foreign principals and employers
- Evaluate and process employment contracts
- Assist departing workers at the ports of exit
- Develop and monitor markets and conducts market research
- Conduct marketing missions
- Enter into memorandum of understanding on the hiring of Filipino workers with labor–receiving countries
- Facilitate the deployment of workers hired through government-to-government arrangement
- Provide a system of worker’s registry
- Intensify public education and information campaign
- Conduct pre-employment orientation and anti-illegal recruitment seminars nationwide
- Conduct Pre-Deployment Orientation Seminars (PDOS) to workers hired through the government-to-government arrangement and name hires
- Provide technical assistance in the drafting of bilateral and multilateral agreements
- Provide legal assistance to victims of illegal recruitment
- OFW global mapping and profiling
- Implement gender-sensitive programs
- Network with non-government organizations, workers’ organizations, etc.
- Provide repatriation assistance
- Provide a system of worker’s registry
SubNet RTA: A POEA Licensed Agency
SubNet Recruitment Training and Assessment Services Inc. (SubNet RTA) is a duly licensed recruitment and consulting agency. We search, recruit, document, process, and deploy highly skilled, professional, and competent Filipino workers to any international destination.
As a company, we mainly provide the following services:
Explore the world. Work abroad.
Apply at SubNet RTA today.